The revitalisation of rural, post-industrial, and suburban areas near major cities is a critical priority throughout Europe. Large companies like Amazon have a major role to play by creating jobs, driving the growth of local businesses, and boosting local economies through salaries, tax contributions, and other operational and capital expenditures.

Many of our more than 80 fulfilment centres are in regions within EU Member States and the UK which have experienced decades of industrial decline and high levels of unemployment. Wherever we open a fulfilment centre, we see a positive impact on the local economy. Several case studies demonstrate this as well, highlighting the tangible economic and social benefits brought by Amazon's presence in various European regions.

1.       We create employment for those who need it most

A study by Roland Berger underscores the transformative effect of Amazon's presence in Augny, France. Our arrival presented a significant opportunity for a region historically impacted by job losses due to industrial closures and military reforms. Since its establishment in 2021, our ETZ2 fulfilment centre has become a major job provider, generating over 4,000 direct roles, and making Amazon the leading private employer in Moselle. In addition to direct employment, our presence has driven the creation of more than 1,600 indirect and induced jobs, creating an economic ripple effect. It’s important to note that 60% of the people currently employed at the ETZ2 site were previously long-term job seekers.

Similarly, research conducted by NERA showcases the substantial positive impact of our fulfilment centres in Illescas and the La Sagra region in Spain. Our MAD6 and MAD7 fulfilment centres, established in 2019 and 2021 respectively, currently employ a total of 3,000 people, nearly half of whom are residents. The launch of our fulfilment centres has had a transformative effect on unemployment rates, leading to a remarkable 66% decrease in Illescas and a 35% decrease in the wider La Sagra region. The youth unemployment rate in the municipality has also dropped by almost 50%.

Patricia Franco Jiménez, Regional Minister of Economy, Businesses and Employment of Castilla-La Mancha
Patricia Franco Jiménez, Regional Minister of Economy, Businesses and Employment of Castilla-La Mancha.

“Industrial and company projects – such as Amazon centres in the region – have a strong impact, with a big capacity to generate economic activity and quality employment,” said Patricia Franco Jiménez, Regional Minister of Economy, Businesses and Employment of Castilla-La Mancha. “Rural areas are ideal locations for these projects, because they offer clear opportunities such as land availability and direct access to green energy, which we must combine with a commitment to training and reskilling of individuals.”

2.       We contribute to the growth of nearby businesses

Research conducted by Nomisma sheds light on the economic resurgence several regions in Italy experienced following our investments. The opening of our BLQ1 fulfilment centre in Castelguglielmo-San Bellino in September 2020 had a ripple effect on the surrounding province of Rovigo: businesses located within a 20-minute drive of BLQ1 experienced a remarkable boost in commercial activity, with sales increasing by more than 20.4%, while those further away saw growth of less than 9%. Similarly, the opening of FCO1 in Passo Corese was followed by a 28% turnover increase in nearby logistic companies; and the opening of MXP3 in Vercelli stimulated economic activity in the surrounding region, with a 37% increase of the value of industrial properties.

We also aim to favour local suppliers; for example, 86% of the operating expenses of our fulfilment centre in Augny are allocated to French suppliers. As a result, the transportation sector in the area saw an acceleration in the number of new businesses, with 39 created in the year following the opening of the site.

Matteo Miglietta, Cohesion Aliance manager at the European Committee of the Regions (CoR).
Matteo Miglietta, Cohesion Aliance manager at the European Committee of the Regions (CoR).

Matteo Miglietta, Cohesion Alliance Manager at the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), said: “Together with the EU-wide coalition Cohesion Alliance, the European Committee of the Regions is sounding the alarm bell against the risk of having future EU investment policies that are disconnected from the real needs on the ground, leading to increasing inequalities. We need to stop thinking about industrial sectors as vertical silos and start thinking about the impact that major industrial transformations have on places and people.”

3.       We boost the local economy through salaries, taxes, and other operational and capital expenditures

In Illescas, Spain, the annual contribution of our fulfilment centres to the municipality's economy is €84 million, of which €43 million directly impacts the economy through employee salaries and municipal taxes, and €41 million is indirectly generated through the supply chain ecosystem and the attraction of additional businesses to the area. Our site in Augny, France has generated more than €2.5 million in local tax revenue that benefits the city of Augny and the prefecture of Metz.

Through continued collaboration with local stakeholders and proactive engagement, we’re fostering inclusive growth and driving economic transformation across Europe.

Philipp Lausberg, Policy Analyst  at theEuropean Policy Centre (EPC).
Philipp Lausberg, Policy Analyst at theEuropean Policy Centre (EPC).

“Regional revitalisation is vital for the EU to achieve its strategic goals, including the green and digital transitions, competitiveness, economic security, social cohesion and political stability,” said Philipp Lausberg, Policy Analyst at the European Policy Centre (EPC). “Better targeted public investment must lead the way for more private investment in regions to create quality jobs, innovation, and added value for the entire Union. Public investment should be more leveraged and better coordinated on the EU, national, and regional level to ensure an effective and coherent approach that balances EU strategic goals with local concerns.”